Many sleep disorders can disrupt your nights, but it might require the diagnosis of a doctor and a sleep study to determine which one is affecting you. Here are some common sleep disorders.
Sleep apnea can cause you to snore loudly or wake up repeatedly during the night. You might feel tired, irritable, or have headaches. This can cause a strain on your heart and risk your health.
Narcolepsy occurs when you suddenly fall asleep during the day, without warning. You might also have hallucinations when you transition from sleeping to waking or vice versa. Scheduled naps and medication might help.
Periodic limb movement disorder involves flexing and extending your legs while you sleep. Restless legs syndrome involves feeling like you have to move your legs when you're still because of a strange sensation. Medication and therapy can help.
You might also have parasomnias, such as sleepwalking, sleep talking, teeth grinding, or nightmares. Another disorder, REM sleep behavior disorder, can lead to acting out your dreams while you sleep.
Sometimes the issue is simply your circadian rhythm being off. Exercise, light therapy, even supplements like melatonin might help.
Finally, insomnia is a disorder that means you simply can't fall asleep or stay asleep for an extended period of time. A number of factors can contribute to this, including involuntarily movements while you sleep, medical conditions, or poor sleep hygiene.