When first starting your NIV program, it is recommended to try some of the many different masks and interfaces available to make the right choice.
Up to 50% of NIV failures are related to the mask.¹ That is why interfaces or masks should be considered an important factor for any successful NIV program. There is a wide range of masks available on the market. Especially in the beginning of a NIV program, it is recommended to have a choice of interfaces available in order to gain experience with the different types.
Having only one type of masks might pose a risk on the success of the program.² Hess recommends: “For applications of NIV for acute respiratory failure, the first choice of interface should be the oronasal mask. The available evidence suggests that the total face mask might also be a reasonable first choice for interface. Other interfaces should be available if the patient is intolerant of the oronasal mask or total face mask, or if complications such as facial skin breakdown occurs”.³