When to use NIV?

NIV in acute respiratory failure

Despite its proven benefits to improve mortality, address patient discomfort, and reduce costs, NIV for acute respiratory failure is still underutilized at many hospitals. It is rare for a medical tec...


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NIV in treating exacerbations of COPD

Patients with exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) form the most important group of patients for which NIV has proven beneficial. Invasive ventilation, with its risk of ventil...


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NIV and Immunocompromised patients

The third group of the four for which there is compelling evidence for the benefit of noninvasive ventilation includes immunocompromised patients developing an acute respiratory failure and need resp...


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NIV in treating pulmonary edema

Strong evidence supports that NIV reduces intubation rate and mortality in patients with pulmonary edema from heart failure. Patients in ARF due to congestive heart failure are the second group of...


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NIV in the post-extubation period

NIV is used post-extubation period to reduce the length of invasive ventilation and prevent extubation failure. NIV can also play a role after invasive mechanical ventilation in the post-extubation pe...


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Using NIV in pediatrics

No longer limited to the ICU environment only, NIV can be used in children with acute respiratory distress, though treatment of ARDS needs some caution. Abolfazl Najaf-Zadeh and Francis Leclerc pro...


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Other indications for NIV

There are other groups for which noninvasive ventilation is an important option including ARDS, asthma, pneumonia and post-operative patients. It is important that these patients are closely monitored...


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NIV in non-acute indications

With obesity on the rise globally associated conditions like Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) are gaining prevalence in hospitalized patients. Obesity Hypoventi...


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Despite its proven benefits to improve patient comfort and reduce mortality and also costs, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is still underutilized at many hospitals. This website is designed to promote the usage of NIV by sharing the many situations in which NIV improves patients’ outcomes as well as to inform about the factors which are important in order to perform successful NIV.

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